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Intrecci TV 2001

Millions of people move every day in the world, looking for better life conditions. In cammino is exactly the title of the comprehensive exhibition of the photographer Sebastian Salgado, who expresses his points of view during an animated press conference. But the variegated reality of immigration shows us also many positive situations, such as the happy end story of Mouna, a young woman in search of good opportunities.
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A real opportunity to get out from the vicious circle of poverty-illiteracy comes from distance adoptions, that besides offering a concrete help to the adopted children, also give them the possibility to grow in their families and in their surroundings. Then we show the story of girls who thanks to an Italian organization have now the possibility to study or work. Another kind of solidarity has recently been experimented by a Milanese school, which has given hospitality to children and youngsters from Kosovo, both of Albanian and Serbian origins.
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Water is a more and more precious and rare good and in some areas of the planet its lack is a problem that need to be solved every day. Millions of women in the world have the daily task to supply water for their families. The lack of water is undoubtedly a huge problem, but it can be faced and sometimes solved as it has been done in Egypt, where - thanks to a project promoted by the IFAD, the United Nations' International Fund for Agriculture Development - the water of Nile's delta is canalized and used by farmers.
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The gap between the rich and the poor countries is more and more extending. This is why many of us wonder whether it is possible to hypothize a different system of development and civil cohabitation. The theme was debated at the end of January on the occasion of the World Social Forum of Porto Alegre, in Brazil, where more than ten thousand representatives and militants of the anti-globalization movements from 120 countries have discussed in order to demonstrate to the public opinion that another world is possible. Other themes analysed by the documentary are the genetic manipulation of seeds and the food products subject to the monopoly of the multinational companies.
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We are speaking of two food-products native to the south of the world, which are so innate in our daily life that we have forgotten their far-off origin, but this is one of the many positive exchanges between South and North. Cocoa and coffee import from the countries of the south of the world, with prices fixed by buyers, has always given huge profits to intermediaries and distributors, but the proliferation of the "Botteghe del Commercio Equo e Solidale" marks now an opposite trend and has started a new relation between producers and consumers. Coffee plant is native to Africa, but today the most important producer and exporting countries are in South America: Brazil and Colombia, as we can see in a reportage on "Parque del café".
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Natives have always lived on their lands, but colonizers' centuried occupations and exterminations have now reduced them to a marginalized minority or to a silent majority, such as the so-called "Indios" of Central and Southern America, who are deprived of all political and economic powers as a consequence of the "conquest". And yet these are precisely the populations which defend the ecosystem, as it can be seen in reportages from Ecuador, Colombia and Mexico.
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In the climate of uncertainty and anxiety that is preceding the G8 opening in Genova, tens of organizations of Italian women, and women from all over the world, have started an animated debate, "Gender and globalization". They intended by this to stimulate a confrontation and to examine the possible alternatives as to the world view proposed by the governments that will take part in the G8. In Genova it was also presented an experiment of women co-operation which is taking place in Brazil: the radio programme "Fala Mulher", one of the many examples of women creative capacities.
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While in the "red zone" all is ready for the arrival of the State Heads, and city centre has been transformed in a huge set, under Genoa Social Forum's tent a multi-coloured and attentive audience is debating the serious problems that are still afflicting mankind. Interviews are made to Vittorio Agnoletto, José Bové and to representatives of grassroots organizations of Africa, Asia and Latin America. But also the young are numerous. They have come from around the world and will march peacefully until tumults begin. Too much has been said about this useless violence and we have often forgot the fundamental question: is a different world possible?
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In this episode we make a report of the UN World Conference against Racism. The Conference has been held in Durban, South Africa, and this was not a casual choice. In this country, in fact, after the end of colonialism, apartheid has shown for a long time the most dramatic aspects of racism. Today, thanks to the policy started by Mandela, all this has formally disappeared, even though only the political system has changed, but not the economic situation. The NGOs’ Forum has gathered 15,000 representatives of grassroots organizations from the world around - among them, Peace Nobel Prize Rigoberta Menchù and Reverend Jesse Jackson, who have debated the contradictions that still afflict mankind. Condemnation of slaves' trade and request for compensation have once more brought out the lacerations that divide the world into rich and poor.
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A visible and dramatic consequence of wars is the tremendous increase of the refugees: 22 million people – 4 in Afghanistan – who are running away from war, persecutions, or other human rights’ violations, in search of asylum and shelter. And all this when a ten years’ war has just finished in the Balcans, as a few women from Sebrenica remind us. The Peace March from Perugia to Assisi has got this year a particular significance. Among the thousands of participants we have gathered common people’s views: they believe that lack of justice and inequalities are precisely the main cause to eliminate if we really want to win this war.
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How many are and who are the slaves of the third millennium? This question has arisen during the recent World Conference against Racism of Durban, where slaves trade across the Atlantic Ocean has been declared a crime against mankind and the beginning of racism in the modern age. We have made interviews to Afro-American people, descendants of the old slaves who claim a historical, moral and economic compensation. In Guinea Gulf slaves were gathered in fortresses, such as that of Elmina in Ghana, before starting a voyage (passage) with no return. And “The slaves route” is the title of an effective project promoted by UNESCO and fully discussed from African and Afro-American historians during Durban Conference.
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